There are two configurations for hybrid cars. The first configuration uses gasoline engine to run a generator. The generator supplies electricity to the motor, which drives the wheels, which allows the gasoline engine to run constantly while achieving optimum fuel efficiency. This thereby minimizes emissions owing to incomplete combustion.
A hybrid vehicle is a fuel efficient vehicle having two motors- one a gasoline powered motor and the other electric motor. The reason for combining two motors is using their strengths and reducing deficiencies. Electric motor is used at low speed wile gas motors perform better at high speed generating extra power for a particular motor weight.
During rush hours, when vehicles are continuously stopping and running, performance of electric motor is appreciative. Gas motor supports higher speed supporting driving at the highways.
Anderson Hybrid vehicles are continuously gaining popularity in the general public. With the growing societal concerns about green revolution and also achieving significant reduction in fuel consumption, hybrid vehicles are considered satisfactory in performance.
They have become so popular that certain tax incentives have been offered by the government on hybrid vehicles. Due to their better performance compared with gas powered vehicles, we present the thesis of our paper as follows: History of Hybrid Cars A steam-powered motor carriage was used in France in the eighteenth century.
In the next century, a car with electric motor was assembled in England. By the end of nineteenth century, hundreds of electric cars were being used in the United States. A significant development occurred when Porsche- a German- invented a hybrid when he used an internal combustion engine and then combined it with an electric motor.
This is recorded as the first hybrid car in the history. Later, in the start of twentieth century, Henry Ford- father of automobile industry- developed the first assembly line manufacturing plant to facilitate the production of gas-powered car.
Anderson Major developments in hybrid cars were recorded when General Motors conducted experiments to produce hybrid cars on commercial basis. They tested by using electricity at 13 mpg and then utilized gas engine reaching up to 40 mpg. The energy crisis necessitated the introduction of alternative ways relying less on oil and gas.
Objective of this joint venture was to create efficient as well as cost-effective vehicles that are safe to use and also address environmental concerns. After the failure of electric cars, car-manufacturers concentrated more on using HEV program to produce vehicles.
The first hybrid vehicle was marketed in the United States in the year by Toyota- the Japanese automobile giant- named as 'Pirus'. Anderson Main Features of a Hybrid Car and Current Market Leaders One of the major benefits of a hybrid vehicle is the strength of two engines used in it. Gas motor is useful for charging batteries while it is running, however it has to be charged through an outlet.
Hybrid, on the other hand, does not need an outlet for charging purpose. It is pertinent to mention that hybrids are the most gasoline-effective of all vehicles with owners saving more costs by using hybrid vehicles compared with vehicles running on gas.
Yost As mentioned above, hybrid vehicles use two or more distinctive technologies, mostly merging electric and gas power. Currently, automobile companies have started using technology of gas powered or commonly known as 'internal combustion'.
At slow speed the vehicle utilizes electric power only reducing usage of gas and avoiding toxic emissions from the internal combustion engine. It means that hybrid vehicles offer more benefits just than saving fuels.
It is helpful in the cause of 'going green' reducing impact of pollution as a low quantity of gas emissions are produced by the hybrid car specifically driving in the cities in traffic jams, at a low speed. Leitman, Due to its acceptance by a large segment of American people, government has introduced tax incentives on purchasing hybrid cars.
One of the main reasons for these incentives is its low gas emissions, helping in going green. It is pertinent to mention that higher the car is fuel-efficient and the more it is cost-effective in its life time, higher are the tax incentives on hybrid cars.
It should, however, be noted that these tax-credits are due to expire after the year Furthermore, the tax credits are applicable to those HEV vehicles that are equipped with the modern technology burning less gas and also powered by fuel cells. For this purpose certain standards have been set by the government regarding specific emissions, so these standards should be met for enjoying tax credit.Hybrid cars use both gas and electric.
The gasoline engine is the primary source of power, while the electric motor is used at low speeds. Emissions levels are reduced because the . A hybrid car is best defined as a vehicle that has an engine that can switch between a fossil fuel and an alternate fuel source.
Advantages of a Hybrid Car. Here are few of the top advantages of having a . Essay on The History of the Automobile - The automobile is an invention that has had a tremendous impact on society.
The Stanley Steamer-the most successful steam car was invented in Newton Massachusetts in by Francis and Freelan Stanley. The Toyota Prius, considered a midsize sedan, is the number-one selling hybrid car.
The are also a couple of SUV Hybrids available now. You can purchase . In conclusion, hybrid cars are better than traditional gasoline powered vehicles, however they still have problems.
Currently hybrid cars seem to be the best solution in combating the devastating global effects of exhaust emissions. With lower emissions and improved fuel economy along with government incentives, hybrids are a great way to travel. The first hybrid car in the list is Parallel hybrid car and series hybrid car.
A parallel hybrid car uses both the engine and the electric motor to power the wheels. In a parallel hybrid, the gasoline engine and electric motor work together in parallel to generate the power in the vehicle to move forward.