After his release inhe immigrated to the United States, where he became a research associate with the Progressive Education Association at the University of Chicago. Later he served as an associate professor at Rockford Ill.
When his father died, Bettelheim left his studies at the University of Vienna to look after his family's sawmill.
Having discharged his obligations to his family's business, Bettelheim returned as a mature student in his thirties to the University of Vienna. Bettelheim's first wife, Gina, took care of a troubled American child, Patsy, who lived in their home in Vienna for seven years.
There is disagreement among sources regarding whether or not Patsy was autistic. Though Jewish by birth, Bettelheim grew up in a secular family.
After the Nazi invasion and Anschluss political annexation of Austria on March 12,the Nazi authorities sent Bettelheim, other Austrian Jews and political opponents to the Dachau and Buchenwald concentration camps where they were brutally treated, and tortured or killed.
Bettelheim was arrested on May 28, and was imprisoned in both these camps for ten and half months before being released on April 14, As a result of an amnesty declared for Hitler 's birthday which occurred slightly later on April 20,Bettelheim and hundreds of other prisoners were released.
Bettelheim drew on the experience of the concentration camps for some of his later work. Life and career in the United States[ edit ] Bettelheim arrived by ship as a refugee in New York City in late to join his wife Gina, who had already emigrated. They divorced because she had become involved with someone else during their separation.
He soon moved to Chicago, became a naturalized U. The Rockefeller Foundation sponsored a wartime project to help resettle European scholars by circulating their resumes to American universities. Through this process, Ralph Tyler hired Bettelheim to be his research assistant at the University of Chicago from with funding from the Progressive Education Association to evaluate how high schools taught art.
Once this funding ran out, Bettelheim found a job at Rockford College, Illinois, where he taught from He wrote a number of books on psychology and, for a time, had an international reputation for his work on Sigmund Freudpsychoanalysisand emotionally disturbed children.
He stated that the Viennese psychoanalyst Richard Sterba had analyzed him, as well as implying in several of his writings that he had written a PhD dissertation in the philosophy of education.
His actual PhD was in art history, and he had only taken three introductory courses in psychology. He claimed considerable success in treating some of the emotionally disturbed children. He wrote books on both normal and abnormal child psychologyand became a major influence in the field, widely respected during his lifetime.
His wife died in He discussed the emotional and symbolic importance of fairy tales for children, including traditional tales at one time[ clarification needed ] considered too dark, such as those collected and published by the Brothers Grimm.
Bettelheim suggested that traditional fairy tales, with the darkness of abandonment, death, witches, and injuries, allowed children to grapple with their fears in remote, symbolic terms. If they could read and interpret these fairy tales in their own way, he believed, they would get a greater sense of meaning and purpose.
Bettelheim thought that by engaging with these socially-evolved stories, children would go through emotional growth that would better prepare them for their own futures.
He long had a reputation as an authority on these topics. He appeared to have had difficulties with depression for much of his life. Different people seemed to believe different things about his background and credentials.
In some of his own writings, Bettelheim implied that he had written a dissertation on the philosophy of education. Ralph Tyler, who brought Bettelheim to the University of Chicago, assumed that Bettelheim had two PhDs, one in art history and the other in psychology.
A biography of Bruno Bettelheim by Richard Pollak. Richard Pollak's biography begins with a personal account, for his brother was a resident at Bettelheim's school. While home one summer and playing hide-and-go-seek in a hay loft, the brother fell through a chute covered with hay, hit the concrete floor on the level below and died.
Years later Pollak, hoping to get some information about his brother's life, sought out Bettelheim. As Pollak recounts, "Bettelheim immediately launched into an attack. The boys' father, he said, was a simple-minded 'schlemiel.
First, he lied; that is, he both exaggerated his successes at the school and falsified aspects of his background, claiming a more elaborate academic and psychoanalytic history in Vienna than he had actually had.
There is conclusive evidence to support both charges. Pollak's magnifying glass, Bettelheim is seen in a new, harsh light, and stands exposed as a brilliant charlatan. When he applied at the University of Chicago for a professorship and as director of the Orthogenic School, he further claimed that he had training in psychology, experience raising autistic children, and personal encouragement from Sigmund Freud.
Bettelheim had earned a non-honors degree in philosophy, he had made acquaintances in the psychoanalytic community, and his first wife had helped raise a troubled child.17 information 26//E Heike vom Orde Children need fairy tales Bruno Bettelheim’s The uses of enchantment In The uses of enchantment, Bruno Bettelheim analyzes and discusses.
Bruno Bettelheim and the Fairy Tales James W. Heisig (bio) One of the most unforgettable things about the storyteller who spreads the marvelous tales which make up Rilke's Stories of God is that he believes his stories will better be understood by the children who hear them than by their elders who can only fear the dangers of straining the.
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The Uses of Enchantment Quotes (showing of 10) “The child intuitively comprehends that although these stories are unreal, they are not untrue ” ― Bruno Bettelheim, The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales.